“Child abuse or neglect” does not include an injury caused by reasonable and necessary force used by a peace officer acting within the course and scope of his or her employment as a peace officer.

Mandated reporter means a person who is mandated by law to report instances of child abuse and neglect.

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However, if the investigator, inspector, or caseworker is working with an attorney appointed to represent a minor he may not be a mandated reporter.

(19) A peace officer, as defined in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2, who is not otherwise described in this section.

According to Cal Pen Code § 11165.7, the term “mandated reporter” shall include any of the following: (1) A teacher. (3) A teacher’s aide or teacher’s assistant employed by any public or private school. (5) An administrative officer or supervisor of child welfare and attendance, or a certificated pupil personnel employee of any public or private school.

(6) An administrator of a public or private day camp.

Agencies may also accept reports, for which they do not have subject matter or geographical jurisdiction to investigate the reported case if the agency cannot immediately electronically transfer the call to an agency with proper jurisdiction.

After an agency accepts a report in which it lacks jurisdiction, it shall immediately refer the case by telephone, fax, or electronic transmission to an agency with proper jurisdiction.[v] Agencies that are required to receive reports of suspected child abuse or neglect may not refuse to accept a report from a mandated reporter or any other person unless otherwise authorized by law.

In California, the Child Abuse and Neglect Reporting Act was enacted with intent to protect children from child abuse and neglect.[i] California law requires mandated reporters to report incidents of obvious or suspected child abuse or neglect in relation to a child below the age of 18 noticed by them in their professional capacity or in the course of their employment.[ii] The term “child abuse or neglect” as defined in Cal Pen Code § 11165.6 shall mean: physical injury or death inflicted by other than accidental means upon a child by another person, sexual abuse as defined in Section 11165.1, neglect as defined in Section 11165.2, the willful harming or injuring of a child or the endangering of the person or health of a child, as defined in Section 11165.3, and unlawful corporal punishment or injury as defined in Section 11165.4.

“Child abuse or neglect” does not include a mutual affray between minors.

(17) Any person who is an administrator or presenter of, or a counselor in, a child abuse prevention program in any public or private school.

(18) A district attorney investigator, inspector, or local child support agency caseworker.

As used in this article, “commercial film and photographic print processor” means any person who develops exposed photographic film into negatives, slides, or prints, or who makes prints from negatives or slides, for compensation.